A Vatican Atlantic Alliance? Pius XII and the role of US papal diplomats in the Cold War
At the end of World War II, as a result of cooperation between the Holy See and Washington in the containment of communism and the work of charity and assistance to the people of Europe, several priests and bishops from the United States took on roles of particular importance in the central and peripheral organs of papal diplomacy.
These included Msgr. Walter S. Carroll of the Secretariat of State; Msgr. Aloisius Joseph Muench, Apostolic Visitor and Head of the Pontifical Mission in Germany for Refugees and then Regent of the Apostolic Nunciature in Germany (1946–59); Msgr. Joseph Patrick Hurley, Regent of the Apostolic Nunciature in Yugoslavia (1946–50); Msgr. Gerald Patrick O’Hara, Regent of the Apostolic Nunciature in Romania (1948–50); and Rev. Edward J. Killion, Representative of the Holy See to the United Nations in Geneva (1947–53) and at the same time to the International Organization for Refugees of the United Nations.
This conference examines the activities carried out by these actors during the years of Pius XII’s pontificate. Participants include historians who have already addressed the general aspects of the Holy See’s diplomatic strategy, as well as researchers who are familiar with Vatican archives documents relating to the pontificate of Pope Pacelli.
Luca Codignola (University of Notre Dame, Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism)
Emília Hrabovec (Comenius University of Bratislava, Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences)
Kathleen Sprows Cummings (University of Notre Dame, Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism)
Roberto Regoli (Pontificia Università Gregoriana)
Massimiliano Valente (Università Europea di Roma), Chair